Eye See

 Anonymous, 19th century    Eye of a Lady . ca. 1800. Watercolor on ivory, 13/16 x 15/16". Gift of John Gellatly.    Location:  Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC, U.    Photo Credit:   Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART133496

Anonymous, 19th century

Eye of a Lady. ca. 1800. Watercolor on ivory, 13/16 x 15/16". Gift of John Gellatly.

Location:Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC, U.

Photo Credit: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART133496

It is commonly believed that the eye is a portal to the soul. Its delicate structure and design connects between vision and reality, and through the power of perception it reveals and conveys the soul’s inmost emotions, thoughts and reactions. This organ also communicates a universal language that “is the most wonderful of all languages inasmuch as it conveys direct intercourse of souls with each other[...] It is a language which belongs to no place, yet everywhere understood, is nowhere written, yet everywhere read.”[i] As a visual element, the eye’s depiction is considered by many sacred and a symbol possessing great powers.

Compiled from our database, this exhibition takes you through a variety of images: from medical drawings, jewelry, and religious paintings to movie stills, painting, sculpture and architecture, exploring the use of the eye and its significance in a variety of visual and historical contexts. 

[1] Franz, Johann Christoph August. The Eye: A Treatise on the Art of Preserving This Organ in a Healthy Condition and of Improving the Sight. 1839.

 

  Descartes' idea of vision, 1692.    Descartes' (1596-1650) idea of vision, [1692]. The passage of nervous impulses from the eye to the pineal gland and so to the muscles. From Rene Descartes' Opera Philosophica (Tractatus de homine), 1692.    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR922746

Descartes' idea of vision, 1692.

Descartes' (1596-1650) idea of vision, [1692]. The passage of nervous impulses from the eye to the pineal gland and so to the muscles. From Rene Descartes' Opera Philosophica (Tractatus de homine), 1692.

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR922746

  Rene Descartes' illustration of the co-ordination of the senses, 1692.    Rene Descartes' illustration of the co-ordination of the senses, 1692. A visual stimulus travelling from the eye to the pineal gland, H, stops attention being given to an olfactory stimulus. From Opera Philosophica by Rene Descartes. (Frankfurt-am-Main, 1692). Originally published in his Tractatus de homine. (Paris, 1664).    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR924461

Rene Descartes' illustration of the co-ordination of the senses, 1692.

Rene Descartes' illustration of the co-ordination of the senses, 1692. A visual stimulus travelling from the eye to the pineal gland, H, stops attention being given to an olfactory stimulus. From Opera Philosophica by Rene Descartes. (Frankfurt-am-Main, 1692). Originally published in his Tractatus de homine. (Paris, 1664).

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR924461

  Marina  Abramovic,  (b. 1946) © ARS, NY   Installation view of the exhibition, "Marina Abramovic: The Artist Is Present." March 14, 2010 through May 31, 2010. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Jonathan Muzikar © The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Approval from MoMA required PRIOR to release of the image!    Location:   The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, U.S.A.    Photo Credit:   Digital Image © The Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART409577

Marina Abramovic,  (b. 1946) © ARS, NY

Installation view of the exhibition, "Marina Abramovic: The Artist Is Present." March 14, 2010 through May 31, 2010. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo: Jonathan Muzikar © The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Approval from MoMA required PRIOR to release of the image!

Location: The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, U.S.A.

Photo Credit: Digital Image © The Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART409577

   Bernardino di  Mariotto,(1475-1566)    Saint Lucy  (283-304), martyr and patron of the blind and oculists. Oil on panel, 38 x 20 cm.    Location:   Private Collection, Italy    Photo Credit:  A lfredo Dagli Orti / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART506431

 Bernardino di Mariotto,(1475-1566)

Saint Lucy (283-304), martyr and patron of the blind and oculists. Oil on panel, 38 x 20 cm.

Location: Private Collection, Italy

Photo Credit: Alfredo Dagli Orti / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART506431

  Light, c1850. Educational plate showing reflection and refraction, light travelling in straight lines, a burning mirror (13) and Newton's prism experiment (27). (Wurtemberg, Germany c1850).    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR922857

Light, c1850. Educational plate showing reflection and refraction, light travelling in straight lines, a burning mirror (13) and Newton's prism experiment (27). (Wurtemberg, Germany c1850).

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR922857

 Joseph Sacco    Eye of a Young Woman   , 1844     Photo Credit:    HIP / Art Resource, NY     Image Reference :   AR924360    

Joseph Sacco

Eye of a Young Woman, 1844

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image ReferenceAR924360

 

  Victor  Brauner,  (1903-1966) © ARS, NY    Sur le motif  (On the Subject). Oil on wood, 14 x 18 cm. AM1982-117.    Location:   Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France    Photo Credit:   © CNAC/MNAM/Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART491131

Victor Brauner,  (1903-1966) © ARS, NY

Sur le motif (On the Subject). Oil on wood, 14 x 18 cm. AM1982-117.

Location: Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

Photo Credit: © CNAC/MNAM/Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART491131

  Eye symbol on sentry box, Gardjola Gardens, Senglea, Malta. Artist: Matty Lawrence    Eye symbol on sentry box, Gardjola Gardens, Senglea, Malta. The Gardjola (sentry box), overlooking the harbour was built in the 16th century by the Knights of St John. Sculpted in high relief are symbols of unceasing vigilance: the eye, the ear, and the crane bird. The inscription in Latin assures the inhabitants of the harbour area to rest at ease, as the tower stands guard against any hostile force that may attempt to approach Maltese shores.    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR954267

Eye symbol on sentry box, Gardjola Gardens, Senglea, Malta. Artist: Matty Lawrence

Eye symbol on sentry box, Gardjola Gardens, Senglea, Malta. The Gardjola (sentry box), overlooking the harbour was built in the 16th century by the Knights of St John. Sculpted in high relief are symbols of unceasing vigilance: the eye, the ear, and the crane bird. The inscription in Latin assures the inhabitants of the harbour area to rest at ease, as the tower stands guard against any hostile force that may attempt to approach Maltese shores.

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR954267

  Eye surgery, 1751-1777. A print from the Encyclop?die, ou Dictionnaire Raisonn? des Sciences, des Arts et des M?tiers by Diderot & d'Alembert, 1751-1777. From a private collection.    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR944023

Eye surgery, 1751-1777. A print from the Encyclop?die, ou Dictionnaire Raisonn? des Sciences, des Arts et des M?tiers by Diderot & d'Alembert, 1751-1777. From a private collection.

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR944023

  'Cinema Eye', poster, 1924. Found in the collection of the Russian State Library, Moscow.     Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR992592

'Cinema Eye', poster, 1924. Found in the collection of the Russian State Library, Moscow. 

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR992592

  The Cat's Eye Nebula, one of the first planetary nebulae discovered, also has one of the most complex forms known to this kind of nebula. Eleven rings, or shells, of gas make up the Cat's Eye.    Photo Credit:   F&A Archive / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AA573528

The Cat's Eye Nebula, one of the first planetary nebulae discovered, also has one of the most complex forms known to this kind of nebula. Eleven rings, or shells, of gas make up the Cat's Eye.

Photo Credit: F&A Archive / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AA573528

  Paul  Laffoley, (1935-2015) © ARS, NY    Get Thee Behind Me Satan . 1974    Photo Credit:   Photo courtesy of Paul Laffoley / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART525875

Paul Laffoley, (1935-2015) © ARS, NY

Get Thee Behind Me Satan. 1974

Photo Credit: Photo courtesy of Paul Laffoley / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART525875

  Boudhanath Stupa (or Bodnath or Bodhnath Stupa) is the largest stupa in Nepal and the holiest Tibetan Buddhist temple outside Tibet, located about 6.8 miles (11 km) northwest of Kathmandu. It is 36 meters high. The central part consists of a circular tumulus built of massive stone and rests on a large platform that serves as an ambulatory. On all four sides of the spire's square base are painted "Eternal Eyes" symbolizing Buddha's gaze towards the four cardinal points of the Universe. The spire is topped by a parasol, symbol of dignity. Today, pilgrims arrive from India, Sikkim, and Buthan, in the past also from China and Tibet. The Nepalese tradition attributes the construction of the temple to king Asivadeva between 590 and 604 CE. A UNESCO world heritage site along with the Kathmandu valley (1979). The gilded spire of the stupa has been destroyed during the earthquake of April 25, 2015. The Nepalese people say that "the eyes have been shut."    Location:   Kathmandu, Nepal    Photo Credit:   © Gilles Mermet / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART499237

Boudhanath Stupa (or Bodnath or Bodhnath Stupa) is the largest stupa in Nepal and the holiest Tibetan Buddhist temple outside Tibet, located about 6.8 miles (11 km) northwest of Kathmandu. It is 36 meters high. The central part consists of a circular tumulus built of massive stone and rests on a large platform that serves as an ambulatory. On all four sides of the spire's square base are painted "Eternal Eyes" symbolizing Buddha's gaze towards the four cardinal points of the Universe. The spire is topped by a parasol, symbol of dignity. Today, pilgrims arrive from India, Sikkim, and Buthan, in the past also from China and Tibet. The Nepalese tradition attributes the construction of the temple to king Asivadeva between 590 and 604 CE. A UNESCO world heritage site along with the Kathmandu valley (1979). The gilded spire of the stupa has been destroyed during the earthquake of April 25, 2015. The Nepalese people say that "the eyes have been shut."

Location: Kathmandu, Nepal

Photo Credit: © Gilles Mermet / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART499237

  Anatomy of the eye from the islamic medical manuscript of al-Mutadibi. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Islamic. Date/Period: 1170 - 1199 AD. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ National Library, Cairo Location: 02    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR9143323

Anatomy of the eye from the islamic medical manuscript of al-Mutadibi. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Islamic. Date/Period: 1170 - 1199 AD. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ National Library, Cairo Location: 02

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR9143323

  Islamic medical manuscript. Sketch of the eye. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Islamic. Date/Period: Mamluk, 14th C. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ National Library, Cairo Location: 02    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR9138077

Islamic medical manuscript. Sketch of the eye. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Islamic. Date/Period: Mamluk, 14th C. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ National Library, Cairo Location: 02

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR9138077

  Cycladic figurine - 'star-gazer', it belongs to the Louros type of the Grotta-Pelos culture. The head has a distinctive angular shape and the eyes stare at the sky. Country of Origin: Greece. Culture: Ancient Greek/ Grotta-Pelos. Date/Period: Circa 2800-2700 BC. Place of Origin: Cyclades. Material Size: marble. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/Private Collection . Location: 01.    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR9148586

Cycladic figurine - 'star-gazer', it belongs to the Louros type of the Grotta-Pelos culture. The head has a distinctive angular shape and the eyes stare at the sky. Country of Origin: Greece. Culture: Ancient Greek/ Grotta-Pelos. Date/Period: Circa 2800-2700 BC. Place of Origin: Cyclades. Material Size: marble. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/Private Collection . Location: 01.

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR9148586

  A woman having an eye operation, 1920s.    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR999513

A woman having an eye operation, 1920s.

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR999513

 Grandville, J.J. (1803-1847)    Granville is drawing one of his dreams: crime and expiation.     Photo Credit:   Adoc-photos / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART440014

Grandville, J.J. (1803-1847)

Granville is drawing one of his dreams: crime and expiation.

Photo Credit: Adoc-photos / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART440014

   Marce  Duchamp,l (1887-1968) © ARS, NY    Eye Witnesses  (Die Augenzeugen). 1967. Silkscreen print on glass, aluminum frame, 3/7 artist's proof. Inv. 14 O.    Location:   Staatliches Museum, Schwerin, Germany    Photo Credit:   bpk Bildagentur / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART502590

 Marce Duchamp,l (1887-1968) © ARS, NY

Eye Witnesses (Die Augenzeugen). 1967. Silkscreen print on glass, aluminum frame, 3/7 artist's proof. Inv. 14 O.

Location: Staatliches Museum, Schwerin, Germany

Photo Credit: bpk Bildagentur / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART502590

   Varotari, Dario, the Elder (1539-1596)     Virgin and child with Sants Catherine, Lucy, Justina of Padua and a Benedictine monk . Found in the collection of the Musei Civici, Padova.    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR924008

 Varotari, Dario, the Elder (1539-1596)

Virgin and child with Sants Catherine, Lucy, Justina of Padua and a Benedictine monk. Found in the collection of the Musei Civici, Padova.

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR924008

  Pierre-Louis  Pierson, (1822-1913)    Scherzo di Follia; The Countess Castiglione posing with a frame held over one eye . Née Virginia Elisabetta Luisa Carlotta Antonietta Teresa Maria Oldoini, (1837-1899), Italian courtesan born in Florence, mistress of the French Emperor Napoléon III, circa. 1865. 15 x 11 cm, albumen print from a collodion negative.    Photo Credit:   Adoc-photos / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART444990

Pierre-Louis Pierson, (1822-1913)

Scherzo di Follia; The Countess Castiglione posing with a frame held over one eye. Née Virginia Elisabetta Luisa Carlotta Antonietta Teresa Maria Oldoini, (1837-1899), Italian courtesan born in Florence, mistress of the French Emperor Napoléon III, circa. 1865. 15 x 11 cm, albumen print from a collodion negative.

Photo Credit: Adoc-photos / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART444990

  Coty cosmetics advert, 1960s. From Vogue, June 1966. Rights information: Cleared for Editorial Use Only. Please Contact Us For Any Other Clearance Rights    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR998704

Coty cosmetics advert, 1960s. From Vogue, June 1966. Rights information: Cleared for Editorial Use Only. Please Contact Us For Any Other Clearance Rights

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR998704

 Alonso Sánchez Coello  Ana Mendoza de la Cerda, Princess of Eboli   1540/92   Location:   Private Collection    Photo Credit:   Album / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   orz003875

Alonso Sánchez Coello
Ana Mendoza de la Cerda, Princess of Eboli

1540/92

Location: Private Collection

Photo Credit: Album / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: orz003875

  A woman wearing an eye mask and costume designed by Worth. ('En loup de cage'. Couture.) Illustrated by Javier Gose.    Photo Credit:   © British Library Board / Robana / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR9111232

A woman wearing an eye mask and costume designed by Worth. ('En loup de cage'. Couture.) Illustrated by Javier Gose.

Photo Credit: © British Library Board / Robana / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR9111232

 Klee, Paul (1879-1940) © ARS, NY    With the Eagle.  1918. Watercolor on chalk on paper, 17.3 x 25.6 cm. Paul Klee Foundation.    Location:   Kunstmuseum, Bern, Switzerland    Photo Credit:   Album / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   orz081719

Klee, Paul (1879-1940) © ARS, NY

With the Eagle. 1918. Watercolor on chalk on paper, 17.3 x 25.6 cm. Paul Klee Foundation.

Location: Kunstmuseum, Bern, Switzerland

Photo Credit: Album / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: orz081719

  Odilon  Redon, (1840-1916)    To Edgar Poe  (The Eye, Like a Strange Balloon, Mounts toward Infinity) [À Edgar Poe (L'oeil, comme un ballon bizarre se dirige vers l'infini)], 1882. Lithograph. Sheet: 17 1/4 x 12 1/4 in. (43.82 x 31.12 cm); Mat: 19 x 14 in. (48.26 x 35.56 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Wallis Foundation Fund in memory of Hal B. Wallis (AC1997.14.1.1)    Location:   Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.    Photo Credit:   Digital Image © [year] Museum Associates / LACMA. Licensed by Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART515369

Odilon Redon, (1840-1916)

To Edgar Poe (The Eye, Like a Strange Balloon, Mounts toward Infinity) [À Edgar Poe (L'oeil, comme un ballon bizarre se dirige vers l'infini)], 1882. Lithograph. Sheet: 17 1/4 x 12 1/4 in. (43.82 x 31.12 cm); Mat: 19 x 14 in. (48.26 x 35.56 cm). Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Wallis Foundation Fund in memory of Hal B. Wallis (AC1997.14.1.1)

Location: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

Photo Credit: Digital Image © [year] Museum Associates / LACMA. Licensed by Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART515369

  A circle indicates how the air heats up caused by the movement of the lunar sky. From: Curiosities about the creatures and marvels of beings (Adjâyeb al-makhlouqât va gharâyeb al-mowdjoudât), by Tousi Salmani. Copist: Haravi Ahmad. 1338. Painting on paper, 32 x 23 cm. SUPPL PERSAN 332 Folio36recto.    Location:   Bibliotheque Nationale de France (BnF), Paris, France    Photo Credit:   © BnF, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART474684

A circle indicates how the air heats up caused by the movement of the lunar sky. From: Curiosities about the creatures and marvels of beings (Adjâyeb al-makhlouqât va gharâyeb al-mowdjoudât), by Tousi Salmani. Copist: Haravi Ahmad. 1338. Painting on paper, 32 x 23 cm. SUPPL PERSAN 332 Folio36recto.

Location: Bibliotheque Nationale de France (BnF), Paris, France

Photo Credit: © BnF, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART474684

 Garofalo (Benvenuto Tisi da Garofalo) (1481–1559)    Saint Lucy,  1535-1540. Found in the collection of the Musei Capitolini, Rome.    Photo Credit:   HIP / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   AR923438

Garofalo (Benvenuto Tisi da Garofalo) (1481–1559)

Saint Lucy, 1535-1540. Found in the collection of the Musei Capitolini, Rome.

Photo Credit: HIP / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: AR923438

 Anonymous, 19th century    Eye of Henry of Orleans, duke of Aumale  (1822-1897). Miniature. Watercolor, gouache on ivory, diameter: 0.018 m. OA1724. Photo: R.G. Ojeda.    Location:   Musée Condé, Chantilly, France    Photo Credit:   © RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART421341

Anonymous, 19th century

Eye of Henry of Orleans, duke of Aumale (1822-1897). Miniature. Watercolor, gouache on ivory, diameter: 0.018 m. OA1724. Photo: R.G. Ojeda.

Location: Musée Condé, Chantilly, France

Photo Credit: © RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART421341

  René   Magritte, (1898-1967) © ARS, NY    The Eye , 1932/35. Oil on canvas, 10 1/2 x 10 x 2 1/2 in. (27 x 24.8 x 14.4 cm). Through prior gift of Arthur Keating, 1989.53.    Location:   The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, U.S.A.    Photo Credit:   The Art Institute of Chicago / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART527231

René  Magritte, (1898-1967) © ARS, NY

The Eye, 1932/35. Oil on canvas, 10 1/2 x 10 x 2 1/2 in. (27 x 24.8 x 14.4 cm). Through prior gift of Arthur Keating, 1989.53.

Location: The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, U.S.A.

Photo Credit: The Art Institute of Chicago / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART527231

 Man Ray (1890-1976) © ARS, NY    Snowball,  1935. Silver gelatin dry glass plate negative, 11.6cm x 8.6cm. Inv# AM1995-281 (199).    Location:   Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France    Photo Credit:   © CNAC/MNAM/Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART493059

Man Ray (1890-1976) © ARS, NY

Snowball, 1935. Silver gelatin dry glass plate negative, 11.6cm x 8.6cm. Inv# AM1995-281 (199).

Location: Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

Photo Credit: © CNAC/MNAM/Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART493059

 Romano Angel  Saint Lucy painted on a cutting board   Location: PRIVATE COLLECTION, MADRID, SPAIN.    Photo Credit:   Album / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   orz062580    Archive Level:   Ranking: Archive (E)

Romano Angel

Saint Lucy painted on a cutting board

Location: PRIVATE COLLECTION, MADRID, SPAIN.

Photo Credit: Album / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: orz062580

Archive Level: Ranking: Archive (E)

   Emory   Douglas,(b. 1943) © ARS, NY    Bluest Eye . 2008.    Photo Credit:   Photo courtesy of Emory Douglas / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART502743    

 Emory  Douglas,(b. 1943) © ARS, NY

Bluest Eye. 2008.

Photo Credit: Photo courtesy of Emory Douglas / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART502743

 

  Charles   Le Brun, (1619-1690)    Study of human eyes . INV28228-recto. Photo: Michel Urtado.    Location:   Musée du Louvre, Paris, France    Photo Credit:   © RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART497139

Charles  Le Brun, (1619-1690)

Study of human eyes. INV28228-recto. Photo: Michel Urtado.

Location: Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

Photo Credit: © RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART497139

   Un Chien Andalou , 1929. Directed by Luis Buñuel. Photo Credit: Buñuel-Dalí /Album/Art Resource, NY. For Editorial Use Only.    Photo Credit:   Album / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART533745

Un Chien Andalou, 1929. Directed by Luis Buñuel. Photo Credit: Buñuel-Dalí /Album/Art Resource, NY. For Editorial Use Only.

Photo Credit: Album / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART533745

  Boudhanath Stupa (or Bodnath or Bodhnath Stupa) is the largest stupa in Nepal and the holiest Tibetan Buddhist temple outside Tibet, located about 6.8 miles (11 km) northwest of Kathmandu. It is 36 meters high. The central part consists of a circular tumulus built of massive stone and rests on a large platform that serves as an ambulatory. On all four sides of the spire's square base are painted "Eternal Eyes" symbolizing Buddha's gaze towards the four cardinal points of the Universe. The spire is topped by a parasol, symbol of dignity. Today, pilgrims arrive from India, Sikkim, and Buthan, in the past also from China and Tibet. The Nepalese tradition attributes the construction of the temple to king Asivadeva between 590 and 604 CE. A UNESCO world heritage site along with the Kathmandu valley (1979). The gilded spire of the stupa has been destroyed during the earthquake of April 25, 2015. The Nepalese people say that "the eyes have been shut."    Location:   Kathmandu, Nepal    Photo Credit:   © Gilles Mermet / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART499239

Boudhanath Stupa (or Bodnath or Bodhnath Stupa) is the largest stupa in Nepal and the holiest Tibetan Buddhist temple outside Tibet, located about 6.8 miles (11 km) northwest of Kathmandu. It is 36 meters high. The central part consists of a circular tumulus built of massive stone and rests on a large platform that serves as an ambulatory. On all four sides of the spire's square base are painted "Eternal Eyes" symbolizing Buddha's gaze towards the four cardinal points of the Universe. The spire is topped by a parasol, symbol of dignity. Today, pilgrims arrive from India, Sikkim, and Buthan, in the past also from China and Tibet. The Nepalese tradition attributes the construction of the temple to king Asivadeva between 590 and 604 CE. A UNESCO world heritage site along with the Kathmandu valley (1979). The gilded spire of the stupa has been destroyed during the earthquake of April 25, 2015. The Nepalese people say that "the eyes have been shut."

Location: Kathmandu, Nepal

Photo Credit: © Gilles Mermet / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART499239

  Mike  King,  (b. 1959) © ARS, NY    The Flaming Lips . 2005. George, WA (The Gorge Amphitheatre).    Photo Credit:   Photo: Mike King / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART515786

Mike King,  (b. 1959) © ARS, NY

The Flaming Lips. 2005. George, WA (The Gorge Amphitheatre).

Photo Credit: Photo: Mike King / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART515786

  Mike  King,  (b. 1959) © ARS, NY    M83 . 2013. Portland.    Photo Credit:   Photo: Mike King / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART516023

Mike King,  (b. 1959) © ARS, NY

M83. 2013. Portland.

Photo Credit: Photo: Mike King / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART516023

  Dora  Maar,  (1907-1997) © ARS, NY    Eyes . Ca. 1932-1935. Photomontage, gelatin silver flexible negative; 23.5 x 17.5 cm. Inv. AM2004-164(24N).    Location:   Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France    Photo Credit:   © CNAC/MNAM/Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART520572

Dora Maar,  (1907-1997) © ARS, NY

Eyes. Ca. 1932-1935. Photomontage, gelatin silver flexible negative; 23.5 x 17.5 cm. Inv. AM2004-164(24N).

Location: Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

Photo Credit: © CNAC/MNAM/Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART520572

  Bernardino   Luini,(c.1475-1532)    St. Lucy , Fresco (1521-1523). Photo: Saporetti    Location:   S. Maurizio, Milan, Italy    Photo Credit:   © DeA Picture Library / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART377651

Bernardino  Luini,(c.1475-1532)

St. Lucy, Fresco (1521-1523). Photo: Saporetti

Location: S. Maurizio, Milan, Italy

Photo Credit: © DeA Picture Library / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART377651

  Giovannio Antonio  Boltraffio, (1467/71-1516)    Portrait of a Lady as Saint Lucy , ca. 1500. Oil on panel, 51.5 x 36.5 cm. INV.: 52 (1934.44).    Location:   Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Spain    Photo Credit:   Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza / Scala / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART477366

Giovannio Antonio Boltraffio, (1467/71-1516)

Portrait of a Lady as Saint Lucy, ca. 1500. Oil on panel, 51.5 x 36.5 cm. INV.: 52 (1934.44).

Location: Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Spain

Photo Credit: Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza / Scala / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART477366

  Bull's Eye Quilt. 1900-1920. Member of the family of Alverda H. (Hoffman) Herb. Pennsylvania, United States. Cotton. 86 × 84 1/2". Gift of Dr. Stanley and Jacqueline Schneider. 1980.31.2. Photo: Gavin Ashworth    Location:   American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY, U.S.A.    Photo Credit:   American Folk Art Museum / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART520991

Bull's Eye Quilt. 1900-1920. Member of the family of Alverda H. (Hoffman) Herb. Pennsylvania, United States. Cotton. 86 × 84 1/2". Gift of Dr. Stanley and Jacqueline Schneider. 1980.31.2. Photo: Gavin Ashworth

Location: American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY, U.S.A.

Photo Credit: American Folk Art Museum / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART520991

  Dionysos with two Silenes between two protective evil eyes. Ca. 520 BCE. Black figure hydria, h. 39 cm. From Vulci (Italy). Inv. F 1894. Photo: Johannes Laurentius.    Location:   Antikensammlung, Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany    Photo Credit:   bpk Bildagentur / (name of museum) /(name of photographer) / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART398380

Dionysos with two Silenes between two protective evil eyes. Ca. 520 BCE. Black figure hydria, h. 39 cm. From Vulci (Italy). Inv. F 1894. Photo: Johannes Laurentius.

Location: Antikensammlung, Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany

Photo Credit: bpk Bildagentur / (name of museum) /(name of photographer) / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART398380

  Pendant. Maghreb, Morocco, Casablanca, early 20th CE. Made by Jewish artisans. Outfit of both Jewish and Muslim women. Talisman against the evil eye. The salamander is a positive symbol in Jewish tradition. Silver, engraved and chiseled, 12,2 x 8,2 x 1,2 cm, 79 g. Inv. 74.1965.2.2. Photo: Michel Urtado / Thierry Ollivier.    Location:   Musee du Quai Branly, Paris, France    Photo Credit:   © musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART522175

Pendant. Maghreb, Morocco, Casablanca, early 20th CE. Made by Jewish artisans. Outfit of both Jewish and Muslim women. Talisman against the evil eye. The salamander is a positive symbol in Jewish tradition. Silver, engraved and chiseled, 12,2 x 8,2 x 1,2 cm, 79 g. Inv. 74.1965.2.2. Photo: Michel Urtado / Thierry Ollivier.

Location: Musee du Quai Branly, Paris, France

Photo Credit: © musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART522175

   Peter Attie "Charlie"  Besharo, (1898-1969)    The Double All-Seeing Eye . Probably 1950s or 1960s. Oil on cardboard. 23 × 28 1/2". Blanchard-Hill Collection, gift of M. Anne Hill and Edward V. Blanchard, Jr. 1998.10.8. Photo: Gavin Ashworth    Location:   American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY, U.S.A.    Photo Credit:   American Folk Art Museum / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART521501

 Peter Attie "Charlie" Besharo, (1898-1969)

The Double All-Seeing Eye. Probably 1950s or 1960s. Oil on cardboard. 23 × 28 1/2". Blanchard-Hill Collection, gift of M. Anne Hill and Edward V. Blanchard, Jr. 1998.10.8. Photo: Gavin Ashworth

Location: American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY, U.S.A.

Photo Credit: American Folk Art Museum / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART521501

  Paul   Laffoley, (1935-2015) © ARS, NY    Love Is Strange . 1965    Photo Credit:   Photo courtesy of Paul Laffoley / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART525777

Paul  Laffoley, (1935-2015) © ARS, NY

Love Is Strange. 1965

Photo Credit: Photo courtesy of Paul Laffoley / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART525777

 Anonymous    Eye Looking at Viewer.  MIniature painting on tobaco box. French school. Painting on paper. RF35926-recto. Photo: Martine Beck-Coppola.    Location:   Musée du Louvre, Paris, France    Photo Credit:   © Musée du Louvre, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / (name of photographer) / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART484368

Anonymous

Eye Looking at Viewer. MIniature painting on tobaco box. French school. Painting on paper. RF35926-recto. Photo: Martine Beck-Coppola.

Location: Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

Photo Credit: © Musée du Louvre, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / (name of photographer) / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART484368

 Sculpture of Saint Lucy. Renaissance     Location:  Museo Municipal-Palace Najera, Antequera, Malaga, Spain.    Photo Credit:   Album / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   orz128315

Sculpture of Saint Lucy. Renaissance 

Location: Museo Municipal-Palace Najera, Antequera, Malaga, Spain.

Photo Credit: Album / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: orz128315

  A CLOCKWORK ORANGE, 1971. Directed by STANLEY KUBRICK. MALCOLM MCDOWELL. Photo Credit: WARNER BROS. PICTURES. For Editorial Use Only.    Photo Credit:   Album / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART533869

A CLOCKWORK ORANGE, 1971. Directed by STANLEY KUBRICK. MALCOLM MCDOWELL. Photo Credit: WARNER BROS. PICTURES. For Editorial Use Only.

Photo Credit: Album / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART533869

   Pablo  Picasso, (1881-1973) © ARS, NY    Spanish Dish Decorated with an Eye and Bulls . 1957. Red terracotta, incised, partially covered, painted with clay engobe, ceramic, diam. 40 cm. MP3741. Photo: Mathieu Rabeau.    Location:   Musee Picasso, Paris, France    Photo Credit:   © RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   ART523442

 Pablo Picasso, (1881-1973) © ARS, NY

Spanish Dish Decorated with an Eye and Bulls. 1957. Red terracotta, incised, partially covered, painted with clay engobe, ceramic, diam. 40 cm. MP3741. Photo: Mathieu Rabeau.

Location: Musee Picasso, Paris, France

Photo Credit: © RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: ART523442

  The Evil Eye, Roman Mosaic, 2nd century A.D.    Location:   Location Archaeological Museum, Antakya (Antioch), Turkey    Photo Credit:   Album / Art Resource, NY    Image Reference:   orz172773

The Evil Eye, Roman Mosaic, 2nd century A.D.

Location: Location Archaeological Museum, Antakya (Antioch), Turkey

Photo Credit: Album / Art Resource, NY

Image Reference: orz172773

   Josse  Lieferinxe, (fl.1493-1508)    Eyes of Saint Lucy , detail of an altar showing the life of the Virgin.    Location:   Louvre, (Museum), Paris, France    Photo Credit:  E rich Lessing / Art Resource, NY

 Josse Lieferinxe, (fl.1493-1508)

Eyes of Saint Lucy, detail of an altar showing the life of the Virgin.

Location: Louvre, (Museum), Paris, France

Photo Credit: Erich Lessing / Art Resource, NY